*On July 1, 2018 the Ukraine Kyiv Mission became the Ukraine Kyiv/Moldova Mission.
Free resources about the Ukraine Kiev Mission:
- Mission address and phone number
- Mission map
- Video interviews with returned missionaries
- Missionary blogs
- Facebook groups
- LDS Mission t-shirts and gifts
- List of past mission presidents
- Cultural articles written by returned missionaries
- Survey with RMs
*Other Mission Pages: Ukraine LDS Missions.
Ukraine Kiev Mission Address
Here’s a recent address for the Kiev Mission. We try to keep this information up to date, but it’s a good idea to check the address with several sources, including your mission packet or the mission office.
Ukraine Kyiv Mission
vul. Yabluneva 1
s. Sofiivska Borshahivka
Kyivska oblast 08131
Phone Number: 380-44-371-4080
Mission President: President Edwin C. Kumfermen
Ukraine Kiev Mission Map
Here’s a link to the mission map for the Kiev Mission (LDS). To access the official, up-to-date LDS.org map for the Kiev Mission:
Videos with Kiev RMs
Here are in-depth YouTube video interviews with returned missionaries from the Kiev Mission. We interview hundreds of returned missionaries each year, so check back regularly to see new RM interviews.
LDS-Friendly Videos about Ukraine
Here are LDS-friendly educational videos about Ukraine. We scoured YouTube to find the best quality videos about Ukraine, that are free from inappropriate music, immodesty and profanity.
Ukraine Kiev Missionary Blogs
Here’s a list of LDS missionary blogs for the Kiev Mission. This list includes the missionary’s name, URL and when their blog was updated.
Ukraine Kiev Mission Groups
Here are Kiev Mission Groups- for LDS missionary moms, returned missionaries, mission presidents and other alumni of the Kiev Mission.
- Kiev Mission Alumni Latter-day Saints Group (252 members)
- Kyiv Mission President Klebingat 2011-14 Group (228 members)
- Kiev Ukraine Mission Reunion? Group (55 members)
- Ukraine, Kiev Mission Facebook Group (13 members)
Ukraine Kiev Mission T-Shirts
Here are T-shirts for the Ukraine Kiev Mission!
Shirt designs include Kiev Mission logo/emblem shirts and Called to Serve shirts. The shirts make great gifts for pre-missionaries, returned missionaries and missionaries currently serving. LDS Mission shirts come in all sizes: Small, Medium, Large, Extra Large, up to 4XL. The mission designs are printed on white shirts and are shipped to you.
*Simply click on a shirt design to view the details and submit an order. The designs on mission t-shirts may also be printed on other LDS mission gifts, including: Kiev missionary aprons, Christmas stockings, ties, pillow cases, teddy bears and Christmas ornaments.
Ukraine Kiev Mission Presidents
Here’s a list of current and past Mission Presidents of the Kiev Mission.
*On July 1, 2018 the Ukraine Kyiv Mission became the Ukraine Kyiv/Moldova Mission.
- 2017-2018, Edwin C. Kumferman
- 2014-2017, Kenneth Boyd Packer
- 2011-2014, Jorg Klebingat
- 2008-2011, Lane O. Steinagel (Listen to an interview with the Steinagels)
- 2005-2008, R. Kim Davis
- 2002-2005, William G. West
- 1999-2002, Frank V. Trythall
- 1996-1999, Wilfried M. Voge
- 1994-1996, Niel V. Lamont
- 1991-1994, Howard L. Biddulph
- 1990-1991, Dennis B. Neuenschwander
Ukraine Latter-day Saint Statistics (2019)
- Church Membership: 11,153
- Missions: 2
- Temples: 1
- Congregations: 48
- Family History Centers: 35
Helpful Articles about Ukraine
Ukraine Kiev Missionary Survey
Here are survey responses from Kiev RMs, to give you a snapshot into what it’s like to live in the mission.
When did you serve?
- June 2013 – January 2015 (Caitlin)
- 2010-2012 (Joel)
- 2008-2010 (Anonymous)
- 2008-2010 (Kenny)
- 2008-2010 (Ryan)
- 2006-2008 (Keenan)
- 2002-2004 (Rob)
- 1997-1999 (Ken)
- 1995-1997 (Jared)
- 1993-1994 (Lynnette)
What areas did you serve in?
- Vinnitsa!!! Tairova, Obolon and Cherkassy. (Caitlin)
- L’viv (L’vivska); Luts’k; Kyiv (Vynohradars’kiy); Brovary. (Anonymous)
- Vinograd (Kyiv), L’viv, Kharkivski (Kyiv), Chernigov, Rivne, Bila Tserkva (white church). (Joel)
- Kyiv, Shevchenkevsky; Vinnitsya; Lutsk; Kyiv, Borschahivsky; Zhitomir. (Ryan)
- Chernivtsi, Lutsk, Kiev (all over). (Keenan)
- Odessa (Illichovsk), Kiev (Nova-Darnitsky, Troeshina, Centralny, Vinograder). (Rob)
- Kiev, Rivne, Cherkassy, Brovary. (Ken)
- Kiev (Troechina, Central), Minsk Belarus, Klaipeda Lithuania. (Jared)
- Kiev= Cvyatoshina, Pobedy, Trayeshina, Voskresenska (our area grew to take in a few other areas by the end of the mission). (Lynnette)
What were some favorite foods?
- Goluptsy, varenyki and pelmeni. (Caitlin)
- Borsch, vareniki, deruni, shopskiy salad, mlintsi, smetana, drinkable yogurts, the juice. (Anonymous)
- Супер контик – crazy good cookies. Плов – a delicious rice and meat dish. Борщ – beet soup at its finest. (Joel)
- Borshch, Holopsty. (Kenny)
- Borsch, Black Rye Bread, Holubsti, Cherry Pierogi, Yablunchyk, Paska, Kutya, the list goes on and on. (Ryan)
- Borscht, verenikie, plov. (Keenan)
- Borsch, Pelmeni, Vereniki, Plov, any fruit (so fresh & natural & delicious) – especially the watermelon, McDonalds when I needed Western food, ice cream. (Rob)
- Holuptsi, Vareniki, Borscht. (Ken)
- Borscht with fresh smetana, freshly baked bread, kvas. (Jared)
- Red Borscht, of course Green Borscht Golopsy Bread! Dgerkoya Napoleon. (Lynnette)
What was a funny experience?
- Falling asleep during a lesson, and waking up and responding to a question in Russian that wasn’t directed at me. (Caitlin)
- I slipped trying to slide on ice while my companion was filming. (Anonymous)
- Getting completely soaked on 3 different occasions due to the crazy rain. (Joel)
- One time I tried to play “got your nose” with a young member boy, whose family we had an appointment with. It turns out that placing you thumb between your index and middle finger is actually a very rude hand gesture in Ukraine, akin to “showing someone the bird”. Thankfully, they were not terribly offended that I had just flipped off their four year old. I learned my lesson, and we all ended up having a good laugh out of the experience. (Ryan)
- Family Home Evening with members was always fun and exciting. (Keenan)
- In summer of 2003, the Central Zone had a zone conference under President Bill West, and the senior office couple, Sister Anne Brasher made tacos for the entire zone. There was something bad in the meat, and by the end of the meeting the ENTIRE zone had diarrhea. It wiped 30 missionaries out for 3-5 days. No unhallowed hand can stop the work from progressing, but Sister Brasher’s cooking can! 😉 (Rob)
- My companion had diarrhea and thought it was safe to leave the apartment. He ended up having to “go” in the middle of a town park. I had to run interference and randomly “contacted” a group of oncoming people to keep them from seeing the situation. Only thing he had to wipe with was a Joseph Smith pamphlet. (Ken)
- A certain family in the Troechina neighborhood of Kiev were into bee keeping. Called them the Myod family. They would feed us honey until we exploded and then feed us more. Another was using our blue planners to hide the “inedibles” at member’s homes… Called it “Mr. Pocket”. Missionaries nowadays don’t have the “luxury” of a blue planner so they’ll need to think of other discrete ways to not eat food that they don’t like without offending their hosts. (Jared)
- Transportation was always an adventure. My companions and I figured out how to make it on an overstuffed bus though by strategically placing ourselves in front of a grandma who was determined to get on. Magically we would be lifted up and aboard. On our way to our destination…a little squished but effective. Haha. (Lynnette)
What was a crazy experience?
- My companion and I were in Cherkassy and needed to get to get to Kyiv by 10am (a 3+hour ride) to do baptisms with a recent convert. Well the bus decided to change its schedule, so we missed our bus. It’s pitch black, the middle of December at 5am. Not sure what to do, when a guy sees us troubled and goes “pssst girls. Come here.” So I go. Probably a mistake. He proceeds to tell me and my companion he’ll drive us to Kyiv in his car for the same price as a bus ticket. I look at my companion and we both shrug and say WHY NOT, and hop in his car. A strange guy’s car driving in the middle of nowhere, easily could have pulled into a field, raped us, and left us to die. (Caitlin)
- You often encounter inebriated people on the street. (Anonymous)
- Some dude came after my companion and I with a hand ax and a hammer – he was completely drunk. Another occasion a guy tried very poorly to kidnap me. He kept saying “get in the car”. (Joel)
- There was one time we decided to walk home through the main square of our city after dark during a holiday. I ended up getting punched by a drunk guy, but it didn’t really phase me and we just kept on walking. Ukraine is generally a pretty safe place, and that was a really odd occurrence. (Ryan)
- Fighting a drunk Russian. (Keenan)
- There were multiple occasions where drunk men or groups of teenagers would hassle us, push us around, rough us up a little bit. We were never robbed, but were often shoved and pushed down. (Rob)
- All 6 missionaries got evacuated from Cherkassy right before church one Sunday because the ministry of Religion was claiming we were not “registered”. We got a call from the Mission President that morning warning that if we went to church we would be arrested. (Ken)
- Broke a companion who had suffered serious burns out of a Belorussian hospital after the doctors cut off all the blisters to “drain” them. Put him on a plane to Finland and created a bit of an international incident. (1996) (Jared)
- There were many experiences where the Lord protected us from drunk people. We would be chased and cornered, even from bus to bus. We would walk circles around a seemingly unaware couple as a drunk man followed. But the scariest experience involved a time when we went with the Elders to tell a dear lady that we could not come back to teach her until she sobered up and provided a safe place for us to meet. Her son had been cooking up some kind of drugs in the other room and came in to “associate” with we sisters. Our district leader, not a tall man, made it very clear that was not okay and stood between the son and me. It was scary and yet we felt the Spirit with us the whole time. Sadly, we never saw her again. I sure hope she found a way. (Lynnette)
What was a spiritual experience?
- Probably seeing all my cute primary kids stand and belt the primary song my companion and I taught them in Russian. It was a song about families, and the spirit was so strong in the most joyful way. (Caitlin)
- Many. The best are when you see people coming closer to Christ and change their lives for the better. I was also there for the temple dedication. (Anonymous)
- Too many to list. Drawing close to God daily was the biggest one for me. (Joel)
- Serving the people every day and bearing testimony of Jesus Christ and his Gospel. (Ryan)
- Tons of these, people’s lives changing for the better. (Keenan)
- Right after the temple was announced (although it would be years before it was built), we saw a marked increase in baptisms and overall interest in the church. You could tell the Lord was preparing the land. (Ken)
- We were teaching a family of Olympic athletes. (father and mother were members of the USSR Olympic team in 88.) They were probably our longest standing investigators. I remember teaching a lesson to them early on in my service and the Russian just flowed out of my mouth. It had never been so simple to speak before or since. It was a very amazing experience. Another was baptizing a disabled man in the river. It took 5 of us to perform the baptism. It was a wonderful experience. (Jared)
- Not sure I can settle on just one….the Spirit was abundant in the work. So many smiles forming on the faces of those who had new hope and understanding of God’s love for them. Such beautiful children of God. To see Him pour out His love on those who would receive it was the over-arching Spiritual experience. As I look back, I am always moved at how the Lord was able to bring the Gospel to a people in a language that had previously been such an oppression. When I went over, the Book of Mormon was not translated into the original languages of the former republics of the Soviet Union. Yet, it was translated into Russian. And the people could understand and speak Russian. So, as the translations were made for Ukraine and other languages, we were able to go right in and begin. The Lord turned something hard into a blossoming flower. Beautiful! (Lynnette)
What are some interesting facts about the Kiev Mission?
- Well they recently went through/in some ways are still going through a political revolution. (Caitlin)
- It was split a few years after I finished. Half of my areas are now in the L’viv Mission. (Anonymous)
- It’s legit, enough said. (Joel)
- Ukraine is the largest country in Europe; According to Orthodox Christian tradition, the Apostle Andrew originally came to Ukraine and dedicated it for the preaching of the gospel; Ukraine is the breadbasket of Europe; During the 10th and 11th centuries, the Kyiv based Kyivian-Rus was the largest and most powerful country in Europe; Yaroslav the Wise’s daughter Anne of Kyiv married Henry I of France, she one of the few literate individuals in the French court and all subsequent French royalty descended from her; Ukraine is the original home of all Indo-European speakers; Pylyp Orlyk’s Constitution was one of the first modern constitutions and the first to contain a separation of powers. (Ryan)
- Ukrainian and Russian languages. Temple built in southwest part of Kiev. Stake in Kiev. Use to include Chernivtsi, L’viv, and Lutsk, more towns out west now in the Lviv mission. Слава України! (Keenan)
- We had about 180 missionaries, covered half of Ukraine, half of the missionaries spoke Russian and the other half Ukrainian. We had about 250 baptisms on average per year. (Rob)
- Former capital of the Kiev-Rus (Russia). Official language is Ukrainian, but many people speak Russian. Most, however, speak a mixture known as Syurzhik. (Ken)
- When I served, the mission covered both Ukraine and Belarus. I was sent up to Minsk about halfway through my mission and then Belarus was “transferred” to the Baltic States mission. Baltic States covers 4 countries (Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia) and 4 separate non related languages. There were some missionaries who learned both Russian and the dominant language of their country. I was taught several phrases in Lithuanian to assist my Lithuanian/Russian speaking companion (the two languages were not even remotely similar). Most people learned Russian as children but did not like speaking it. (Jared)
- Standing in bread, sugar, flour lines for a few hours. It took a couple months to get letters to and from home. The sunsets were the most radiant I have ever seen (thanks to Chernobyl). Interesting after fact: Red Cross won’t take my blood because I lived in that area post Chernobyl. (Lynnette)
What was the weather like?
- Like Utah, honestly. Hot summers, cold winters. Only about a week of unbearable heat in August and a week of unbearable cold in February. It’s more rainy in the spring, however. (Caitlin)
- Cold dark winters, hot humid summers with lots of sunlight, great spring and autumn. If you’ve ever lived in the Midwest, it’s comparable. (Anonymous)
- Cold in the winter, hot and humid in the summer. (Joel)
- The interior of the country is like the rest of inland Europe, hot summers and cold winters. As one travels south towards Odesa the climate become much more Mediterranean. (Ryan)
- Cold winters from -20 to -40 Fahrenheit. Hot humid summers around 90 Fahrenheit. Perfect spring and fall. With beautiful tree color changes! (Keenan)
- Summer was hot — wear short white sleeve shirts. We would sweat a lot. You did a lot of street contacting during the summer. But the winters were unbearably cold. It would often times get to minus 20 degrees, and you could only tract because it was so cold. (Rob)
- Cold in the winter, Hot in the summer. Fairly humid. 2-3 weeks of -30′ C in the winter and 2-3 weeks of mid 30′ C in the summer. (Ken)
- Freezing cold in the winter. Sidewalks never plowed so get used to walking on ice. Hot and HUMID in the summer. Beautiful in the spring/fall. (Jared)
- Humidity made the summers hot and the winters crazy cold. One week, it was 40 below zero the whole week. Also, the short daylight in the winter was a bit of new thing for me: getting light around 10 and getting dark around 3, as I recall. (Lynnette)
Any things you really like about the area/people?
- The people can come off as so crusty at first, but once you break their shell, and get them to trust you, they are hands down the most genuine, loving, giving, thoughtful human beings on the planet. Also I’m obsessed with Ukrainian villages. It’s seriously like going back in time. Chickens roaming the dirt roads, old houses, picket fences, SO many fruit trees, their branches weighed down by apples and apricots, it’s like a real fairy tale from a storybook. (Caitlin)
- Ukrainians are amazing! The food is hearty. I loved each area I served in. (Anonymous)
- The culture was awesome. (Joel)
- Almost everyone is honest, friendly, and hospitable to a fault. Ukraine is a beautiful country and one of my favorite memories is just of taking buses between cities and watching the lush countryside roll past my window. (Ryan)
- Humble and Willing people to serve the Lord and make changes in life. Very intelligent people with love for life. (Keenan)
- I love the people and the culture. Ukraine and Russia are so fascinating, and it is cool to be in a culture completely different from the United States. So eye opening and I have so much respect for Ukrainians. (Rob)
- People are real. They don’t waste time on a fake smile or small talk, but when they do open up it is real. (Ken)
- People were very down to earth and desired to change their lives. (Jared)
- Oh, my word! I love love, love my dear friends of Ukraine. Their kind, giving, wonderful souls enriched my life beyond expression. I wish every day I could see them again. (Lynnette)
Any packing/clothing advice?
- A rain jacket that is warm. Also bring the pocket-sized English scriptures to carry in your bag. It’ll help you know what’s going on in lessons, or will help you prepare impromptu lessons on the street. (Caitlin)
- Wait to buy a coat until you get there. Boots are nice in winter but not totally necessary. (Anonymous)
- Buy a coat there. Make sure your shoes are water-proof. It’s best to buy a pair of boots that have lining in the mission. (Joel)
- Buy as many clothes as you can in Ukraine. It will be cheaper, better made, and you will fit in better. (Ryan)
- Wait to get clothing for cold unless you go out in winter. No peanut butter or root beer in Ukraine. Buy ties there! $2 for nice ones with color. (Keenan)
- I would pack more short sleeved shorts. Lots of sweaters and layers — that is the key. Buy very expensive and warm gloves. (Rob)
- Pack warm for winter. Wool socks, sweaters, nice warm overcoat and warm boots. Pack short sleeve shirts for summer. (Ken)
- Bring good shoes that will last. Good walking boots for winter weather are a must. (Jared)
- Buy your coat there. It helps support them and they have the best options for the wintertime. Bring a good pair of boot/shoes which can be resoled. They do a good job resoling there when you need it. (Lynnette)
What blessings did you receive from serving a mission?
- Countless. (Anonymous)
- Too many to count. I believe I’m still receiving blessings to this day from it. (Joel)
- It prepared me to meet my eternal companion. I was privileged to serve in the city where my grandmother grew up. (Ryan)
- Too many to count. Still in contact with lots from the mission. (Keenan)
- I learned who I was. I learned what type of person I wanted to become. I learned the characteristics and qualities I wanted to have. I learned how to communicate and interact with others. I learned how to live with someone else who is totally different than you. I learned about the gospel, God, and what his plan is for me and all his children. I became a more polished, and interesting person. It set me up for success for my career, marriage, college, fatherhood, etc. (Rob)
- A solid spiritual foundation. An appreciation for another culture and language. (Ken)
- Lifelong friends from the Mission Training Center and my mission that I will never forget. Also a deep and abiding testimony of the truthfulness of the Gospel and a deep love of the Ukrainian culture. (Jared)
- Strong testimony. Firm feet. Gratitude beyond measure. A life of purpose. Friends. Strength to endure the hard days with hope. Life. (Lynnette)
What are some skills you gained?
- Honestly, it chilled me out. Like it put life into perspective, taught me how to live with other people despite our differences. I learned that not everyone thinks the same way I do and that is 1000% okay. (Caitlin)
- Organization, planning, communication. (Anonymous)
- Time management, learning another language (Ukrainian is the best), conflict resolution (not all companions are easy). (Joel)
- I gained the ability to gauge and asses situations and act accordingly. I learned how to learn a language. I learned how to find my way around, even if I don’t know everything about a place. I learned how to read the scriptures for others. (Ryan)
- Language and speaking. Debate and discussion. Bus routes and directions. Missionary. (Keenan)
- Confidence — I can speak with anyone, anytime. Adventure — living in a foreign country and just figuring it out. Resilience — my mission was extremely difficult. Most days were exhausting and painful. But I endured and am a better person for sticking it out. (Rob)
- Talking to people. Cooking. Getting along with companions. (Ken)
- Leadership, decision making, ability to handle stressful situations. (Jared)
- I learned that we don’t always need the things we think we need. I also learned how to get on my knees to pray for help to “change me” instead of changing my companion or others. (Lynnette)
What do you wish you knew/did at the beginning of your mission?
- I wish I wasn’t so hard on myself. I wish I would have been more patient with my progress in Russian and as a missionary. (Caitlin)
- How fast it would go. (Anonymous)
- I didn’t need to try to be perfect. That was more a personal thing than anything someone pushed onto me. (Joel)
- I believe that I tried to do this to best of my ability, but I found it wise to thank the Lord every morning for the opportunity to be in Ukraine and recommitted myself to his will. I would then follow up with him in the evening, recounting the things that I had done in his service. (Ryan)
- The language More soviet history Mission rules/ daily routine. (Keenan)
- I wish I knew more about Russian and Ukrainian history, culture, religion, politics, etc. Get to know and appreciate the rich Russian culture and history. Do not mock them because they are Russian Orthodox or Soviet. Try to be respectful and loving and get to know their point of view. (Rob)
- That you don’t have to know it all, or do it all at once. (Ken)
- It’s the fastest 2 years of your life even though it will feel like the slowest time of your life at the same time. Document, take pictures, write in your journal every day. (Jared)
- I did not write down much identifying information about the people I loved. We mostly spoke by first names. I do not have many addresses or last names to be able to find my friends now. Write down their full names, addresses, etc. Oh, how I wish I had done that. (Lynnette)
Any advice/testimony for pre-missionaries going to Kiev?
- You are honestly going to such a sacred, special corner of the world. (Caitlin)
- Don’t let people cap your faith by telling you that you’ll probably not see a lot of baptisms but that you’ll plant a lot of seeds. There are people ready for the gospel. You’ll do way more than plant seeds if you allow yourself the faith to do so. (Anonymous)
- Love the people, have fun, laugh at the tough things and don’t forget to pray. Feel free to call me at 385-208-7054 if you have any questions. I’d be happy to help. (Joel)
- Be Ukrainian. Learn about songs, food, traditions, classic movies, books, plays, poetry, history, whatever you can to steep yourself in the essence of daily life. As you do this, people will see that you are not just there to convert them, but actually love them and their culture. When they see that, they will want to reach out to you to see what makes you so invested in it. That is when they will be the most receptive to the priceless message that you bring. (Ryan)
- Best Mission in the World! Be real with the people and Mosiah 2:17 Great young adults over there! (Keenan)
- Learning the language takes a very long time. Be patient. It takes 6 months before you understand, and then 6 months before you can speak. And honestly, you need to continue working at it your entire mission and will still be so far from a native. Russian is a tough language and keep at it. (Rob)
- Don’t get discouraged with the language or culture. It will come. If, like me, you are called to speak Ukrainian, and people ONLY speak Russian back to you, it’s okay. It will broaden your understanding of the culture and people. (Ken)
- The people of Ukraine are simply incredible. It will be very easy to fall in love with them and the area. The Gospel has grown in credibly since I served there. There are buildings everywhere and a temple. We met in movie theaters and school houses. (Jared)
- The Gospel is life. So many people know they are missing something and yearn for peace and direction. Nevertheless, sometimes, due to personalities or life’s experiences, they don’t recognize it when you give it to them. Be patient and full of love. Everyone is in their own timeline. God knows their timeline. With each person you encounter, you never know where you are entering their journey (planting a seed, growing the seed, pruning the bush, etc.), but God always knows. Be prayerful, hold His word within your heart. He will help you perform the labor he has for each of His children around you. (Lynnette)
What was a funny language mistake?
- A missionary once ordered pancakes with woman (zhinka) when he wanted to order pancakes with ham (shynka). (Anonymous)
- Companion calling the Book of Mormon light blue which was slang for gay. (Joel)
- My first day in Kyiv, we had just met our trainers and were on the way to a restaurant (Pizata Hata) for lunch. Our job was to contact someone on the way. The guy that my trainer just happened to pick out was a 70 year old Russian speaking atheist. Having been trained in Ukrainian in the Mission Training Center, it was funny that the first person that I talked to really didn’t speak the language I was taught in the Mission Training Center! (Ryan)
- Too many. Good luck. (Keenan)
- When we would tract, we would knock and say that we are missionaries, but it would sound like police sometimes. People always got surprised at that. (Rob)
- I didn’t understand a single word that was said in our the first discussion I participated in. My companion and the investigator apparently spent 30 minutes about his belief in God. Then my companion turned to me to read from the discussion booklet. I read a couple of paragraphs and then asked the question suggested in the booklet “do you believe in God?”. They all looked at me and laughed (good heartedly). (Ken)
- One time at the store, I asked for torture (муки) instead of flour (мука)….my companion helped me correct that. Haha (Lynnette)